The (New) Natural Evolutionary Science & Philosophy of Inclusive Flow: Natural Inclusionality

Stitching in Time’ (Oil painting on board by Alan Rayner, 2020)

Fundamental Principles

Material form is intrinsically dynamic — a product of natural flow, which arises from the relationship between space and energy. Space plays a receptive, inviting role and energy plays a responsive, informative role in this relationship, which distinguishes material bodies from one another and their surroundings, but does not isolate them as definitively bounded objects.

So matter both inhabits and incorporates space. It does not occupy or displace space. Space is a natural intangible — and therefore frictionless — presence that cannot be cut by anything or be excluded from anything.


Actual sensory human experience tells us:-


Modes of Inquiry

Further Reading:-


Rayner, A.D. (2011). Space cannot be cut: why self-identity naturally includes neighbourhood. Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science, 45, 161–184.

Rayner ADM (2011) NaturesScope: Unlocking our natural empathy and creativity — an inspiring new way of relating to our natural origins and one another through natural inclusion. Winchester, UK; Washington USA: O Books.

Rayner, A. (2012) What are natural systems, actually? Advances in System Science and Application 12, 328–347

Rayner, A (2017) The Origin of Life Patterns In the Natural Inclusion Of Space in Flux Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.

Rayner, A (2018). The vitality of the intangible: crossing the threshold from abstract materialism to natural reality. Human Arenas 1 pp 9–20.

Rayner, A (2020) From abstract freeze-frame to natural kinship

Rayner, A (2020) Cold & Warm Geometry: How Rigid and Fluid Structures Affect Our Human Relationships and Sense of Self.

Rayner, A (2020) The Natural Inclusion of Difference

Rayner, A (accepted for publication) The natural inclusion of diversity in community. A preprint is privately available on application to the author.

Rayner, A (2020) Evolutionary Flow

Rayner, A (2020) Simplicity & Entanglement

Rayner, A (2020) Permafrost & Fertile Ground

Rayner, A (2020) Beyond Objectification


The Signal Failure of Material Science

(Causing all in its train to crash)

View From Footbridge (Photograph by Alan Rayner, 2022)

Has always been
To focus all attention
On what can be seen,
Heard, touched, smelled, tasted
While disregarding
What’s immaterial
As if it doesn’t exist
Within, throughout and all about
So that when we see a body
Moving through space
We think that’s all there is to it
Not noticing what’s quietly
Slipping through it
And when we place a ruler
Across a gap
We think we’re measuring the space
Between one thing and another
When all we are really measuring
Is the scale of the ruler itself
And when we use a clock
To tell us how long it takes
To move from place to place
We think we’re measuring the time
Between then and then
When all we are really measuring
Is the clock’s tick tock
Whenever we try to measure
In material terms
What’s immaterial
We get ourselves in a fix
Trying to work out
What is and what’s not
Like the speed of light
As if space and time
Are material things in themselves
Not their immaterial essences
Which combine in receptive-responsive relationship
To make our world and ourselves
As it is and we are
Darkness and light personified
In flowing material form
So, when you think it takes time
For light to travel to us from a star
As if it’s sent out in packages
Whether we’re here to accept them or not
Just pause to reflect for a moment
On the possibility
That what really takes time
Is for us as material packages
To acknowledge receipt
And return. with thanks to sender
Completing the circuit between us
Because light can manifest only
When gathered into material form

Packaged On Delivery
(Neither Before Nor After)

We are participants in
Not exceptions from
The flow of life
As the flow of light
As the flow of time
Which we receive and pass on
With love, thanks and farewells
Around and between our receptive centres
In the dark stillness of space
Within, between and surrounding
Our material bodies
In myriad hues, shades and forms
Inspiring and expiring
In the heat of the moment

Ain’t No Such Thing
As space
Ain’t no such thing
As time
Space isn’t material distance
Time isn’t material duration

Distance is a manifestation of space
Duration is a manifestation of time
If we could only understand that
We’d be fine
Knowing for once
And for all
That each in the other
Makes matter
Not the other way round



Alan Rayner is an evolutionary ecologist, writer and artist, who is pioneering the philosophy of natural inclusion

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Alan Rayner

Alan Rayner is an evolutionary ecologist, writer and artist, who is pioneering the philosophy of natural inclusion